In 2019, about 70% of the apartments built in Vilnius will be in A class or higher energy efficiency buildings
Over the past three years, great quantitative and qualitative changes have been taking place in the Lithuanian construction sector and the real estate market. On 1 November 2016, amendments to the Construction Technical Regulation came into force in Lithuania, whereby newly designed and built buildings had to comply with not less than A class energy performance requirements (except for reconstructed, renovated or repaired buildings or their parts, which are subject to other minimum requirements under certain conditions, or the buildings not subject to the minimum energy performance requirements). Since 1 January 2018, the energy performance requirement for the buildings has been not less than A+ class and from 2021 the energy performance requirement for new buildings will be not less than A++ class.
In order to assess the progress achieved in building energy efficient buildings, it is rational to speak about housing developers and more specifically about Vilnius, a clear leader in developing multi-apartment buildings and trying out innovations even before they enter into force. After all, back in 2012, a multi-apartment building built in Vilnius was first in Lithuania to be certified for A class energy efficiency (a multi-apartment building on Bajorų Road, developer – Hanner). At that time some developers began preparations for the upcoming changes in the construction sector and the real estate market and practically invested in designing and building more energy efficient and convenient buildings to residents.
It is obvious that in 2015 the share of A class energy performance multi-apartment buildings (not to mention even higher energy class multi-apartment buildings) in the new construction market was very small and increased at a faster rate only in subsequent years. Ober-Haus has collected information about all multi-apartment buildings built in the city of Vilnius and its environs in 2015-2018 and, based on the information of the register for building certification available at the public institution Construction Product Certification Center, has calculated how many apartments are available in the buildings of different classes of energy performance (multi-apartment buildings).
The obtained data show that in 2015 apartments in A and A+ class multi-apartment buildings accounted for only slightly more than 9% of the apartments built in that year in Vilnius and its environs. The share of such apartments in 2016 was almost 11% and in 2017 it increased to 25%. In 2018, apartments in B class energy performance multi-apartment buildings dominated (55%), but a rapid growth in the number of apartments in higher energy efficient buildings was also observed. In 2018, the share of apartments in A and A+ class multi-apartment buildings accounted for almost 44% (A class – 39% and A+ class – 5%). The remaining part of the apartments (1%) were in lower than B class energy performance multi-apartment buildings or the data on the energy efficiency class of such buildings was not available (these are usually reconstructed buildings or parts thereof or actually completed, but not yet certified buildings).
As we can see, evident changes were taking place in 2015–2018 in the construction of new multi-apartment buildings. In 2019, we will see a further increase in more energy efficient buildings in the capital city – not only A or A+ class multi-apartment buildings, but also A++ class buildings, which are almost zero energy buildings and which are being settled already by their first residents. According to the public institution Construction Product Certification Center, this year the first A++ class energy performance multi-apartment buildings will be certified in Lithuania – all of them in Vilnius: a multi-apartment building on Peteliškių Street (developer – Peteliškių Parkas), three multi-apartment buildings in Šaltinių Namai | Attico project on Aguonu Street (developer – Pro Kapital) and a multi-apartment building on Tvankstos Streeet (developer – Eika).
According to preliminary data of Ober-Haus, apartments built in A++ class energy performance buildings in the country’s capital city this year will account for about 5%, in A+ class buildings – 48%, and B class – 23% of all apartments built in 2019. No information is currently available about the energy efficiency parameters of the remaining newly built apartments (6%). Thus, the share of apartments in A class and higher energy efficiency buildings built in 2019 will be 70% (in 2015–2016 it was only 9–11%).
In view of the fast changes which have occurred in the past 4-5 years, real estate developers, designers and builders have managed to adapt to new construction technical requirements fairly quickly and some of them get ready for changes in advance. Buyers accept changes positively and understand the benefits of higher energy efficiency and more comfortable homes. However, buyers are not specifically looking for higher energy efficiency class and understand that the higher the efficiency class the higher construction costs for the developer and the higher the purchase price, which the buyers have to pay at least partly. The future maintenance costs of additional equipment in the buildings, at least partly, will also have to be borne by buyers. Therefore, with further increase in the construction volumes of higher energy performance buildings, all market players will have to learn not only how to build, but also how to properly maintain the properties built.